to the
History of Gardening Timeline


Noteworthy Events, Persons, and Publications
In the History of Gardening, Agriculture, Botany, Natural History, and Ecology.

By Michael P. Garofalo

March 1, 2002




"I shall only instance in one delight more, the most natural and
best-natured of all others, a perpetual companion of the husbandman;
and that is, the satisfaction of looking round about him, and seeing
nothing but the effects and improvements of his own art and diligence;
to be always gathering of some fruits of it, and at the same time to
behold others ripening, and others budding: to see all his fields and
gardens covered with the beauteous creatures of his own industry;
and to see, like God, that all his works are good."
-   Abraham Cowley (1618-1667),  Of Agriculture, 1650



This hypertext document shares the fruits of my Internet explorations and readings in the
fascinating subject of the history of agriculture and gardening.   I will continue to make
improvements in this webpage in the coming months; and, I hope my readers will benefit
from the effort and see that these "works are good."



"As events in the history of gardening coincide with or are indistinguishable
from important events in the history of plants and people, this superb
timeline contains relevant information for botanists and ecologists, 
beginning in 15,000 BCE.  Links in the text to reference sites
expanding the information of the timeline are outstanding. 
Discover the earliest used and cultivated plants and plant
products, trends in agriculture, green mythology, and
early land management concerns at this site by
Michael P. Garofalo from Red Bluff, California."

Scott Russell, PhD.,  University of Oklahoma, Scott's Botanical Links
    Reviewed by Leigh Fulghum, August 2000.



I am a librarian, philosopher and teacher by training and practice; and a gardener, like
most folks, for a variety of good and not so good reasons.   Few avid gardeners can
resist the urge to research the principles and history of their art.   Sharing some of my
discoveries with my readers, via my web site and by e-mail, is a natural extension
of my research.


I am fortunate in having access to the Meriam University Library, California State
University at Chico, California; reliable and fast home Internet access; and, some
free time to pursue my interests.  Some of the books or web sites that I have had
the pleasure to read are listed in the attached bibliography




NBCi Pick nbcipick.gif (116 bytes) Millennium Retrospectives


StudyWeb Award



The History of Gardening Timeline includes historical information from the fields of gardening, horticulture, farming, agriculture, botany, natural history, and ecology.  The criteria for inclusion
in this timeline are varied: 

1)  Good Internet resources.  Since this is a hypertext document, Internet web pages on the
topic are a primary focus. 

2)  Books or serials frequently cited in numerous standard historical works on gardening,
agriculture, natural history, botany, or ecology. 

3)  Books or serials frequently cited in the popular works on gardening, garden design,
horticulture, and landscape design. 

4)  Practitioners or authors that are the subject of biographical studies. 

5)  Widely acknowledged landmarks or events in gardening, botany or agricultural history. 

6)  Publications that have been issued for many decades as a serial, or issued in many
editions as a monograph.  

7)  Best selling books that influenced popular applications or thinking about landscaping
and gardens. 

8)  Standard reference works for practitioners in the field.  

9)  Recommendations from readers. 



The History of Gardening Timeline from Ancient Times to 2000
Was Ranked #1 in Hits for the Subject Category

by Direct Hit in December 1999





"A timeline for the history of gardening/farming from Ancient times to 2000.
Absolutely fascinating timeline!"
Search Beat - Gardens and Gardening, 17 July 1999
History Timelines - The History Beat




Green Way Blog by Michael P. Garofalo





The History of Gardening Timeline is the most popular document at the Spirit of Gardening
website.  This large document (306K+) is arranged into 6 webpages.    For example,
in the month of May, 2001, 5,302 webpages of the "History of Gardening Timeline"
were served to readers around the world. 

I believe that webpages should be rich in content, simple in design, and accessible to
people lacking the latest browsers and computer hardware.  Hopefully, users will
find these documents to be well organized, easy to navigate, fast loading, and easy
to read.  This website makes little use of graphics, does not use frames or scripts,
and does not force you to open multiple copies of your browser ... all reducing
the risk of software crashes.  I welcome your comments and suggestions about
these webpages.     




"Close to the Gates a spacious Garden lies,
From the Storms defended and inclement Skies;
Four Acres was the allotted Space of Ground,
Fenc'd with a green Enclosure all around.
Tall thriving Trees confessed the fruitful Mold:
The reddening Apple ripens here to Gold,
Here the blue Fig with luscious Juice overflows,
With deeper Red the full Pomegranate glows,
The Branch here bends beneath the weighty Pear,
and verdant Olives flourish round the Year."
-   Homer,  Odyssey, circa 850 B.C.
Alexander Pope's translation, 1725




Awards and Reviews
For The Spirit of Gardening Website

The web site went on-line on January 1, 1999

Documents Served:  3,379,063
(excluding graphics)







Thank you for visiting The Spirit of Gardening web site!




Gardening History Timeline:   From Ancient Times to 1700

Gardening History Timeline:  The Eighteenth Century

Gardening History Timeline:  The Nineteenth Century

Gardening History Timeline:  The 20th Century

Reference Sources and Links for this Gardening Timeline





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More Quotes





Spirituality and Concerns of the Soul


Weeds and Weeding

Simplicity and the Simple Life

Pulling Onions
Quips, Maxims and Observations by Michael P. Garofalo

The Essence of Gardening

Working in the Garden

Garden Digest Links


Haiku Poetry  -  Links and References

Cliches for Gardeners and Farmers

The History of Gardening Timeline
From Ancient Times to the 20th Century

Short Poems by Mike Garofalo

Seeing and Vision

Beauty in the Garden

Seasons and Time

Comments about this Web Site

Jokes, Riddles and Humor


The Spirit of Gardening



Quotes for Gardeners

Quotes, Sayings, Proverbs, Poetry, Maxims, Quips, Cliches, Adages, Wisdom
A Collection Growing to Over 2,700 Quotes, Arranged by 130 Topics
Many of the Documents Include Recommended Readings and Internet Links.
Compiled by Michael P. Garofalo






Copyrighted 1999 - 2002 by Michael P. Garofalo.  All rights reserved.

Compilation and Indexing by Michael P. Garofalo

I Welcome Your Comments, Ideas, Contributions, and Suggestions
E-mail Mike Garofalo in Red Bluff, California


A Short Biography of Mike Garofalo

Introduction to the History of Gardening Timeline.  
18K, 3 July 2002, Version 4.7.
This document was first distributed on the Internet on January 1, 1999.

The Spirit of Gardening

Quotes for Gardeners


The History of Gardening Timeline