Sunshine Power

Solar Energy, Green Living, Living Less on the Grid, Energy Usage Reduction Solutions
How Can We Rely LESS on Fossil Fuel Energy Sources (Coal/Oil/Gas) or Nuclear Power
Renewable Energy Sources: Solar, Hydroelectric, Geothermal
Northwest USA Emphasis

Compiled by
Michael P. Garofalo

Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Vancouver, Washington, USA

Quotations     Bibliography     Links     Research     Conservation     Simplicity

Months and Seasons     Sunlight     Seeing     The Five Senses     Ethics    

Gardening     Somaesthetics     Buddhism    

How to Live a Good Life:  Advice from Wise Persons       

Cloud Hands Blog     Mike's Facebook 




We now live in the City of Vancouver, Clark County, Washington State, USA. 

We lived from 1998-2017 in Northern California, in the North Sacramento Valley, in Tehama County, near Red Bluff, California.  There, we have a Mediterranean climate, USA climate Zone 9.  Rain comes in the winter months, and nearly no rain from June until October.  We lived in a rural area that featured groves of almonds, olives, and walnuts; and cattle grazing. 

My primary interests are in the Northwestern United States of America, i.e., from Sacramento to San Jose and then north into Northwestern Canada; including British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, and Northern California. 

My observations and suggestions come from this geographical perspective. 



Bibliography, Links, Research

Solar Energy, Green Living, Living Less on the Grid, Energy Usage Reduction Solutions
How Can We Rely LESS on Fossil Fuel Energy Sources (Coal/Oil/Gas) or Nuclear Power
Renewable Energy Sources: Solar, Hydroelectric, Geothermal
Northwest USA Emphasis

Alliance to Save Energy 

California Desalinization Plant in Carlsbad, California

California Energy Commission

California Energy Commission Publications Database

California Solar Initiative

Catching the Sun.  Documentary film, 73 Minutes, 2015.   Filmmaker: Shalini KantayyaWikipedia article

Blessed Unrest: How the Largest Social Movement in History is Restoring Grace, Justice, and Beauty to the World.  By Paul Hawken.  Penguin Books, 2008.  352 pages.  ISBN: 978-0143113652. 

Bonneville Power Administration, USA Department of Energy, Northwestern USA

Classical Five Elements Theories   Fire (Sun), Water, Earth (Soil), Air, Void (Space) 

Columbia River Basin Hydroelectric Dam System  

Conservation, Frugality: Quotations, Bibliography, Tips, Suggestions

Department of Energy of the United States of America

Do It Yourself 12 Volt Solar Power.  By Michael Daniels.  Kindle Edition, 2011.  128 pages.  VSCL.

EcoWorld: Nature and Technology in Harmony

Five Common Myths About Residental Solar

Five Elements - Classical Theories   Fire (Sun), Water, Earth (Soil), Air, Void (Space) 

Geothermal Energy - Wikipedia 

The Geysers: The World's Largest Geothermal Field in Northern California. 

The Great Transition: Shifting from Fossil Fuels to Solar and Wind Energy.  By Lester R. Brown with Janet Larsen, J. Matthew Bonney, and Emily Adams.  W. W. Norton and Company, 2015.  Index, bibliography, 178 pages.  ISBN: 978-0393350555.  VSCL. 

Green Building Advisor

Green Careers Beyond Solar

The Green Collar Economy: How One Solution Can Fix Our Two Biggest Problems.  By Vance Jones.  New York, Harper One, 2009.  272 pages.  ISBN: 978-0061650765.  VSCL. 

Green Party USA

Green Party of the United States - Wikipedia

How Much Solar Energy Hits the Earth.  From EcoWorld: Nature and Technology in Harmony. 

Hydroelectric Power Production in the Columbia River Basin  

Hydroelectric Power Production

Love Energy Savings Blog

101 Ways to Save Energy in Your Home

Our Choice: A Plan to Solve the Climate Crisis.  By Al Gore.  Rodale Books, 2009.  416 pages.  ISBN: 978-1594867347.  VSCL. 

One Old Daoist Druid's Final Journey

Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Northern California

Renewal Energy World

Shasta Dam in Northern California

Simplicity, Frugality - Quotations, Bibliography

Solar Electricity Handbook: 2016 Edition: A Simple, Practical Guide to Solar Energy - Designing and Installing Solar PV Systems.  Greenstream Publishing, 2016, Kindle Edition.  307 pages.  VSCL.

Solar Energy Blogs

Solar Energy - Wikipedia 

The Spirit of Gardening.   3800 quotations arranged by 250 topics.  Compiled by Mike Garofalo.

Stupid Energy Saving Tips

Take Action: Become a Sun Catcher

Well Pump - Solar Powered   Installed by Mike Garofalo in Red Bluff, California, in 2008. 

VSCL.  Valley Spirit Center Library, Red Bluff, California.  In the home library of Michael Garofalo. 







Quotations, Sayings, Information, Facts

Solar Energy, Green Living, Living Less on the Grid, Energy Usage Reduction Solutions
How Can We Rely LESS on Fossil Fuel Energy Sources (Coal/Oil/Gas) or Nuclear Power
Renewable Energy Sources: Solar, Hydroelectric, Geothermal
Northwest USA Emphasis


"In 2011, the International Energy Agency said that "the development of affordable, inexhaustible and clean solar energy technologies will have huge longer-term benefits. It will increase countries’ energy security through reliance on an indigenous, inexhaustible and mostly import-independent resource, enhance sustainability, reduce pollution, lower the costs of mitigating global warming, and keep fossil fuel prices lower than otherwise. These advantages are global. Hence the additional costs of the incentives for early deployment should be considered learning investments; they must be wisely spent and need to be widely shared."

"To the best of our knowledge, our Sun is the only star proven to grow vegetables."
-  Philip Scherrer


"Visible light (commonly referred to simply as light) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) that is visible to the human eye, and is responsible for the sense of sight. Visible light has a wavelength in the range of about 380 nanometres to about 740 nm – between the invisible infrared, with longer wavelengths and the invisible ultraviolet, with shorter wavelengths.  Primary properties of visible light are intensity, propagation direction, frequency or wavelength spectrum, and polarisation, while its speed in a vacuum, 299,792,458 meters per second (about 300,000 kilometers per second, 186,282 miles per second), is one of the fundamental constants of nature. Visible light, as with all types of electromagnetic radiation is experimentally found to move at exactly this same speed in vacuum.  In common with all types of EMR, visible light is emitted and absorbed in tiny "packets" called photons, and exhibits properties of both waves and particles. This property is referred to as the wave–particle duality. The study of light, known as optics, is an important research area in modern physics.  In physics, the term light sometimes refers to electromagnetic radiation of any wavelength, whether visible or not.  See the electromagnetic radiation article for the general term.  There are many sources of light. The most common light sources are thermal: a body at a given temperature emits a characteristic spectrum of black-body radiation. A simple thermal source is sunlight, the radiation emitted by the chromosphere of the Sun at around 6,000 Kelvin peaks in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum when plotted in wavelength units and roughly 44% of sunlight energy that reaches the ground is visible. Another example is incandescent light bulbs, which emit only around 10% of their energy as visible light and the remainder as infrared. A common thermal light source in history is the glowing solid particles in flames, but these also emit most of their radiation in the infrared, and only a fraction in the visible spectrum. . Instead, modern physics sees light as something that can be described sometimes with mathematics appropriate to one type of macroscopic metaphor (particles), and sometimes another macroscopic metaphor (water waves), but is actually something that cannot be fully imagined."
Light - Wikipedia


"The earth has received the embrace of the sun and we shall see the results of that love."
-  Hunkesni (Sitting Bull) 



"If solar power is the purest form of renewable energy known, then how much solar power have we got? The answer to this question, when considered alongside how efficiently we can convert raw sunshine into usable power, helps determine whether or not it is realistic to consider solar energy as a viable alternative to conventional energy sources.

In full sun, you can safely assume about 100 watts of solar energy per square foot. If you assume 12 hours of sun per day, this equates to 438,000 watt-hours per square foot per year. Based on 27,878,400 square feet per square mile, sunlight bestows a whopping 12.2 trillion watt-hours per square mile per year.

With these assumptions, figuring out how much solar energy hits the entire planet is relatively simple. 12.2 trillion watt-hours converts to 12,211 gigawatt-hours, and based on 8,760 hours per year, and 197 million square miles of earth’s surface (including the oceans), the earth receives about 274 million gigawatt-years of solar energy, which translates to an astonishing 8.2 million “quads” of Btu energy per year.

In case you haven’t heard, a “quad Btu” refers to one quadrillion British Thermal Units of energy, a common term used by energy economists. The entire human race currently uses about 400 quads of energy (in all forms) per year. Put another way, the solar energy hitting the earth exceeds the total energy consumed by humanity by a factor of over 20,000 times."
How Much Solar Energy Hits the Earth?  From EcoWorld: Nature and Technology in Harmony



"The Universe is populated by innumerable suns, innumerable earths, and perhaps, innumerable forms of life.  That thought expresses the essence of the Copernican revolution.  No revelation more striking has ever come from the scientific mind."
-  Robert Jastrow  


"The Geysers is the world's largest geothermal field, containing a complex of 22 geothermal power plants, drawing steam from more than 350 wells, located in the Mayacamas Mountains approximately 72 miles north of San Francisco, California.  It field spans an area of around 30 square miles in Sonoma, Lake and Mendocino counties in California, centered in the area of Geyser Canyon and Cobb Mountain.  Power from The Geysers provides electricity to Sonoma, Lake, Mendocino, Marin, and Napa counties.  It is estimated that the development meets 60% of the power demand for the coastal region between the Golden Gate Bridge and the Oregon state line.  Unlike most geothermal resources, the Geysers is a dry steam field which mainly produces superheated steam."


"When the sun hat fits, it's ugly.
The sun does not shine equally on all yards.     
Plants favor sunshine, we thrive in the shade.
Leaves are sunlight, bound by water, shaped by invisible rules. 
Ripening grapes in the summer sun - reason enough to plod ahead.
Sunshine is Life for gardeners.
Death is light's out forever.
All seeing is seeing something."
-  Michael P. Garofalo,
Pulling Onions 


"The Northwest USA relies on hydropower for about two-thirds of its electricity, and 40 percent of all U.S. hydropower comes from the Columbia River Basin hydroelectric dam system."


"I believe in the cosmos.  All of us are linked to the cosmos.  Look at the sun: If there is no sun, then we cannot exist.  So nature is my god.  To me, nature is sacred; trees are my temples and forests are my cathedrals."
Mikhail Gorbachev, 1990 


"We could have saved the Earth but we were too damned cheap."
-  Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.   


“I've begun worshipping the sun for a number of reasons. First of all, unlike some other gods I could mention, I can see the sun. It's there for me every day. And the things it brings me are quite apparent all the time: heat, light, food, and a lovely day. There's no mystery, no one asks for money, I don't have to dress up, and there's no boring pageantry. And interestingly enough, I have found that the prayers I offer to the sun and the prayers I formerly offered to 'God' are all answered at about the same 50% rate.”
-  George Carlin


"Light is the symbol of truth."
-  James Russell Lowell


"Beyond a doubt, truth bears the same relation to falsehood as light to darkness."
-  Leonardo da Vinci


"The sun rose on the flawless brimming sea into a sky all brazen - all one brightening for gods immortal and for mortal men on plowlands kind with grain."
-  Homer, The Odyssey


"Work a great deal with evening effects, a lamp, a candle, etc. The tantalizing thing is not always to who the source of light, but the effect of light."
-  Edward Degas


"The purpose of life is the investigation of the Sun, he Moon, and the heavens."
-  Anaxagoras


"Keep on the sunny side
Always on the sunny side
Keep on the sunny side of life;
It will help you every day
It will brighten you on the way
Keep on the sunny side of life."
-  Popular American song




Months and Seasons
Quotes, Poems, Sayings, Verses, Lore, Myths, Holidays
Celebrations, Folklore, Reading, Links, Quotations
Information, Weather, Gardening Chores
Compiled by Michael P. Garofalo




















"The eastern light our spires touch at morning,
The light that slants upon our western doors at evening,
The twilight over stagnant pools at batflight,
Moon light and star light, owl and moth light,
Glow-worm glowlight on a grassblade.
O Light Invisible, we worship Thee!"
-  T.S. Eliot


"We have the eye, which of the five senses is the closest to the brain, or rather is the sensory channel through which the brain itself directly perceives the external world.  Light is indispensable for the proper functioning of the eye. Our visual power (function) to discern objects is more easily frustrated by manipulating light than by directly blocking the direction of our gaze, as is illustrated by the dark changes of scene in a theater. This also means that our discernible world varies with the quantity of light.  Often we feel peaceful when we settle into an indirectly illuminated space or dim corner. As we know, in such a relative darkness, not so deep as to risk our safety, we feel more reassured than scared, and the faintness of light calms and relaxes us."
-  James Turrell


"Information is light.  Information in itself, about anything, is light."
-  Tom Stoppard


"There was a young lady named Bright 
Whose speed was much faster than light. 
She went out one day 
In a relative way 
And came back the previous night."
-  Arthur Buller


"At first a small line of inconceivable splendor emerged on the horizon, which, quickly expanding, the sun appeared in all of his glory, unveiling the whole face of nature, vivifying every color of the landscape, and sprinkling the dewy earth with glittering light."
-   Ann Reacliffe 


"We eat light, drink it in through our skins. With a little more exposure to light, you feel part of things physically.  I like feeling the power of light and space physically because then you can order it materially.  Seeing is a very sensuous act--there's a sweet deliciousness to feeling yourself see something."
-  James Turrell 


"The film of evening light made the red earth lucent, so that its dimensions were deepened, so that a stone, a post, a building, had greater depth, and more solidity than in any daytime light; and these objects were curiously more individual- a post was more essentially a post, set off from the earth it stood in and the field of corn it stood out against. All plants were individuals, not the mass of crop; and the ragged willow tree was itself, standing free of all other willow trees. The earth contributed a light to the evening. The front of the gray, paintless house, facing the west, was luminous as the moon is. The gray dusty truck, in the yard before the door, stood out magically in this light, in the overdrawn perspective of a stereopticon."
-  John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath


"In the beginning there was nothing. God said, 'Let there be light!' And there was light. There was still nothing, but you could see it a whole lot better."
-  Ellen DeGeneres


"Light is not so much something that reveals, as it is itself the revelation."
-  James Turrell





"Sunlight bestows a whopping 12.2 trillion watt-hours per square mile per year.  The solar energy hitting the earth per year exceeds the total energy in all forms consumed by humanity per year by a factor of over 20,000 times."
How Much Solar Energy Hits the Earth?  From EcoWorld: Nature and Technology in Harmony


Seeing, Vision, Looking: Quotes, Poems, Sayings, Facts, Lore



"Supreme Awareness (Chiti, Brahmin, Self, Supreme Auspiciousness) is most often explained using the metaphor of 'light.'  Light, and by comparison 'consciousness,' is illuminating, brilliant, bright, shining, luminous, allows us to see, provides visions, can be enlightened, shows the Way.  Understanding is a function of seeing, looking, and insight.  Light is associated with life, growth, energy, and warmth.  Consciousness can be clear, focused, split up, diffused, shadowy, opaque, and magnified.  Numerous religions have considered the sun to be a divine being, or their gods and goddesses to give off light, energy, warmth, and to light the way for us.  Evil beings keep us in darkness, steal the light away, burn us up or freeze us, or are the Prince of Darkness."
-  Mike Garofalo





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The Spirit of Gardening Website

Over 3,800 Quotations, Poems, Sayings, Quips, One-Liners, Clichés, Quotes, and Insights
Arranged by Over 250 Topics
Over 15 Megabytes of Text
Over 30 Million Webpages (excluding graphics) Served to Readers Around the World
       From January 1, 1999 through April 10, 2015 from the Spirit of Gardening Website.  
Compiled by Mike Garofalo

Last modified or updated on June 17, 2017. 

This webpage was first posted on the Internet on August 26, 2016. 

Green Way Research, Valley Spirit Center, Vancouver, Washington, USA


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